Physicians in this specialty use biostatistics and epidemiology, as well as a mix of medical, social, economic, and behavioral sciences. A doctor can choose to do a residency in a specialty, such as internal medicine, and then complete a two-year preventive medicine residency. Training for Army Preventive Medicine Specialists . For example, rotations in internal medicine, surgery and psychiatry are required. Preventive medicine is promoted by all physicians, though some choose to specialize in it. Although preventive medicine is the medical specialty of public health and preventive medicine specialists naturally fit within health departments (Jung and Lushniak, 2017), that is not by any means the only type of practice where preventive medicine physicians practice the specialty of public health. After graduating from medical school, doctors can take a few different paths to becoming preventive medicine specialists. Their work settings and schedules vary widely. Job training for a preventive medicine specialist requires ten weeks of Basic Combat Training and 15 weeks of Advanced Individual Training, which includes on-the-job instruction and practice testing specimens. A preventive medicine physician may be a specialist in general preventive medicine, public health, occupational medicine, or aerospace medicine. Preventive medicine physicians can develop expertise in a wide range of areas that impact public health and medicine. Most preventive medicine physicians provide direct patient care on a limited basis due to their primary responsibility for … The three major specialty areas in preventive health are aerospace medicine, occupational medicine, and public health and general preventive medicine. Sign in for full access to Careers in Medicine’s tools Sign In Learn if you are eligible for a free subscription How to Access Please sign in to view this article. Specialties; Since April 2010 there has been a new educational pathway to Board Certification in this specialty called the Complementary Pathway. Specialty Spotlight: Preventive Medicine. Related Topics. Generally, these residencies last three years and consist of an academic year, a clinical year and a practicum year. Preventive medicine residencies typically focus on one of the three major areas of the specialty - occupational medicine, general preventive medicine and public health, or aerospace medicine.