In fact, on a hot scale of 1 to 10, it’s only a 1. The pepper is similar looking to the habanero but without the heat. So for example bell peppers, which have no heat, have a rating of 0 Scoville units. When ripened and dried, these peppers are called âanchoâ. The pepper may be confused with the similar looking Scotch Bonnet and habanero pepper but is not as hot. The âhotnessâ of peppers is often measured in Scoville Heat Units (SHU)—a scale invented by Wilbur Scoville—which generally reflects the capsaicinoid content of a pepper. Also known as Ajícito, Ají Dulce, Ají Cachucha, Ají Gustoso, and Sweet peppers, Cachucha chile peppers have a mild heat ranging 0 to 1,000 SHU on the Scoville scale, which is similar to the spice of poblano peppers. It's also known as naga jolokia, bih jolokia, ghost pepper, ghost chili pepper, red naha chili, and ghost chili. David's Garden Seeds Pepper Cayenne Purple SL1346 (Purple) 50 Non-GMO, Heirloom Seeds Scoville heat units (SHU): 0 to 1,000 Jalapeño reference point: 3 to 8,000 times milder Origin: Caribbean Products and seeds: Aji dulce on Amazon. (Photo by Forest and Kim Starr, some rights reserved. Habanero peppers are popularly used in hot sauces and spicy foods. They are native to the Caribbean region and are similar in appearance to a habanero pepper. Welcome to the Scoville Scale, the defining list of what’s hot and what’s not on the web. These peppers are great for frying and cooking in general and are used extensively in cooking in Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic. Fruits of this species grow a little differently than other peppers; they remain upright when they mature instead of hanging down from their stems. The pepper is similar looking to the habanero but without the heat. These peppers were cultivated in the Indian state of Assam and named for the Bhutia tribe. Aji Cachucha Purple Splotched Pepper. However, this pepper is found primarily in the Caribbean, Guyana, and the Maldives where itâs used in regional cooking, particularly Caribbean jerk sauce and marinades. Fruits have a slightly tapered shape and can be used ripe or unripe. We are now working to bring the most complete SHU Scale to our fellow pepper heads around the world. These sweet peppers are also called Cuban pepper or ajÃ cubanela. (Photo: UF/IFAS), Scotch Bonnet Pepper â 100,000 to 350,000 SHU, This pepperâs name comes from its resemblance to the Scottish "tam oâ shanter" hat. The third group, C. frutescens, is a much less widely cultivated species, but that doesnât mean it isnât worth growing. Some of the hottest pepper cultivars in the world belong to the C. chinense species. ), This pepper is named for the city of Cayenne in French Guiana and is also known as Guinea spice, cow-horn pepper, aleva, bird pepper, or red pepper (especially in powdered form). Capsicum annuum is the most common domesticated species. This popular Mexican chili pepper is mildly hot and can be eaten unripe (green) or ripe (red). Originally from Mexico, Central America, or South America, this pepper is now commonly grown in South and Southeast Asia. Capsaicinoids are the name given to the class of compounds that make a pepper taste "hot." Aji Cachucha Purple Splotched pepper is one of my new favorites! (Photo: Qingren Wang, UF/IFAS), These peppers are also called aji dulce. (Photo: UF/IFAS, Reimer Seed) Habanero Pepper – 100,000 to 350,000 SHU These peppers are used fresh or dried as an ingredient in spicy food. Copyright ©2000-2020 The word Cachucha means “hat” in Spanish, which is used to describe the pepper… (Photo by H. Zell. are a popular vegetable to grow in Florida and with such a wide variety of choices it's no wonder. Peppers (Capsicum spp.) How hot is that chile pepper? (Photo by Melinda Stuart, some rights reserved. They are often used fresh in salads and sandwiches, eaten as a snack, or used as a cooked vegetable in meat, rice, or stir fry dishes. Plants can grow up to about 5 feet tall with a bushy growth. ), This vigorous bushy plant produces green fruits that turn maroon when ripe. Plants can grow up to 6 feet tall and feature small, tapering fruits that are about an inch long. This chili pepper originated in the mountainous regions of Mexican states Puebla and Hidalgo. Peppers … (Photo by Forest and Kim Starr, some rights reserved.). GourmetSleuth.com® All rights reserved. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0), This pepper is also called birdâs eye chili or birdâs chili. Used to flavor dishes, it is usually dried and used as ground powder or dried flakes. They can be consumed fresh or dried and used as a powder. Substitute for Cachucha Pepper Find it on our chile pepper HOT HOT HOT scale. Cachucha Pepper – 500 to 1,500 SHU. It is often confused with cultivars derived from C. frutescens because of its similar appearance. Cachucha peppers change the color from dark While it is similar in appearance to the jalapeño pepper it is much hotter. Datil peppers are relatively small and bright yellow-orange in color. These peppers are also called aji dulce. They are native to the Caribbean region and are similar in appearance to a habanero pepper. A small sweet chile pepper used in Cuban cooking. (Photo: UF/IFAS, Reimer Seed), Habanero Pepper â 100,000 to 350,000 SHU, These peppers are thought to have originated in Peru then spread through Mexico and on to other countries across the world. They produce continuously through the summer. The flavor of these peppers is unique in that it has a sweet, fruity tang coupled with its spiciness. It has the appearance of habanero pepper with a spinning top shape and semi-wrinkled skin. The following is an abbreviated list of some of the popular peppers that can be grown in Florida, ranked by their heat intensity. These peppers start green and turn red once mature. Do you love the fruity sweet flavor of habanero peppers, yet can do without the fire of the infamous extra-hot chili? This pepper has mild spice (500–1,500 Scoville units) with a sweet flavor. The heat of a chili is measured by Scoville heat units. This dark red type hails from Cuba. Used as a seasoning pepper in rice and bean dishes. I love peppers of all kinds and use a lot of peppers in most of my meals. These peppers are commonly used in salads, salsa, and Mexican food. Meet the aji dulce, also known as ajicito or aji cachucha. Chipotle chilies are ripe jalapeño chilies that have been wood smoked. Aji Cachucha - (Capsicum chinense) Aji Cachucha are native to Cuba and Puerto Rico and is also known as Aji Dulce. Below is a searchable and sortable list of hot peppers and their scoville rank. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). Cachucha Pepper Cachucha pepper or Aji Dulce in Spanish is native to the Caribbean region. Three species of Capsicum produce many of the most common pepper varieties. (Photo: UF/IFAS), These peppers are well-known in St. Augustine where they are said to have been brought to Florida by Minorcans. Jalapeño peppers are well-liked for their heat, which isnât considered to be overwhelming. Bhut Jolokia â The third hottest pepper in the world at 1,041,427 SHU. The bhut jolokia pepper is an interspecies hybrid, mostly Capsicum chinense with Capsicum frutescens. For years we have been in search of the hottest peppers, sauces, and extracts on the planet.