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blue spruce wood uses

It is a columnar or conical evergreen conifer with densely growing horizontal branches. [32], Blue spruce always grow naturally in the soils which are in the order Mollisols, and the soil will also be in the orders histosols and inceptisols in a lesser extent. [10], Picea pungens and its many cultivars are often grown as ornamental trees in gardens and parks. [19], Common cultivars (those marked .mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}agm have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit):[20], The Navajo and Keres Native Americans used this tree as a traditional medicinal plant and a ceremonial item, and twigs are given as gifts to bring good fortune. The blue spruce, green spruce,[2] white spruce,[3] Colorado spruce, or Colorado blue spruce, with the Latin (scientific) name Picea pungens, is a species of spruce tree. With the span of time the color of the spruce wood changes to reddish-white and the wood darken to yellow-brown. The many uses of the spruce tree make it a versatile option. It often first attacks trees which have blown over by the wind and when the larvae mature two years afterwards, a major outbreak occurs and vast numbers of beetles attack nearby standing trees. Nevertheless, this species can withstand drought better than any other spruce. Propagation of the herb: My house is built with 2x4 wall studs and 2x10 floor joists. Early people used their wood for building. [37][39], Blue spruce is generally considered to grow best with abundant moisture. The spruce tree, part of the Picea genus, is a classic evergreen conifer option for your landscape. This liquid is also used externally for rheumatic pains. Winter is the season with the poorest rainfall, the precipitation is usually less than 20 percent of the annual moisture falling from December to March. [9], The blue spruce is the State Tree of Colorado. [40] It can withstand extremely low temperatures (-40 degrees C) as well. This liquid is also used externally for rheumatic pains. [18] Five years before transplanting, the total root surface area of 2-meter-high trees was doubled by pruning the roots of blue spruce. [16][17] Despite the shallow roots, blue spruce is able to resist strong winds. [36], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42333A2973433.en, "Spruce Beetle Threatens High Country Spruce Forests", Fine Gardening Plant Guide: Picea pungens ‘Glauca Pendula', Conifers.org: Picea pungens (blue spruce) description, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blue_spruce&oldid=982512701, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Fat Albert' – compact perfect cone to 10 feet (3.0 m) of a silver blue color, 'Glauca Jean's Dilly' – shrub from 3–6 feet (0.91–1.83 m) in height, 'Glauca Pendula' – drooping branches, spreads to about 8 feet (2.4 m) wide by 4 feet (1.2 m) tall, This page was last edited on 8 October 2020, at 16:30. There is a frost-free period of about 55 to 60 days from June to August. [15] Although freezing can't damage much in blue spruce, frost will cause seedling loss. Canker caused by Cytospora attacks one of the lower branches first and progressively makes its way higher up the tree. It's also a lightweight wood, which makes it versatile for low-stress app… The Navajo and Keres Native Americans used this tree as a traditional medicinal plant and a ceremonial item, and twigs are given as gifts to bring good fortune. Waxy gray-green leaves, up to 3 cm (1 in) long, are arranged radially on the shoots which curve upwards. The average minimum temperature in January ranges from - 11.1 to 8.9 degrees C (12 to 16 degrees F), and the average maximum temperature in July ranges from 21.1 to 22.2 C (70 to 72 degrees F). Wood - light, soft, close grained, weak, brittle and often full of knots. Nymphs of the pineapple gall adelgid form galls at the base of twigs which resemble miniature pineapples and those of the Cooley's spruce gall adelgid cause cone-shaped galls at the tips of branches. It is native to North America, and is found in growing zones 1 through 7. [31], Blue spruce generally exists on gentle uplands and sub irrigated slopes, in well-watered tributary drainage, extending down intermittent streams, and on lower northerly slopes. And fifth percent of the annual precipitation occurs during the growing season of the plants. Meanwhile, patches of white resin appear on the bark and the branch eventually dies. The pale brown cones are up to 10 cm (4 in) long. Appearance: The spruce wood appear to be bright in color. The first symptom is the needles turning reddish-brown and falling off. [36], Blue spruce is most common in Colorado and the Southwest. In traditional medicine, an infusion of the needles is used to treat colds and settle the stomach. [12], Blue spruce seedlings are shallow roots that penetrate only 6.4 cm (2.5 inches) of soil during the first year. In the wild, Picea pungens grows to about 23 m (75 ft), but when planted in parks and gardens it seldom exceeds 15 m (49 ft) tall by 5 m (16 ft) wide. It has scaly grey bark on the trunk with yellowish-brown branches. And, to add to Robert’s answer, the fronts of violins. Mites can also infest the blue spruce, especially in a dry summer, causing yellowing of the oldest needles. Spruce wood offers an even texture that makes it appealing as a building material. Affordable: The spruce wood is available in market at low rates due to this reason the spruce wood is one of the popular material which is used for making the furniture. Various rust diseases also affect the tree causing yellowing of the needles as well as needle fall. Other uses of Blue Spruce: A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting. It also increases the root concentration in drip irrigation pipeline from 40% to 60%, which is an advantage in landscape greening. The larva of the spruce budworm eat the buds and growing shoots while the spruce needle miner hollows out the needles and makes them coalesce in a webbed mass. Shadows in late spring and early autumn minimize this frost heaving loss. [4] Its natural range extends from northern New Mexico through Colorado and Utah to Wyoming and into Alberta and British Columbia, but it has been widely introduced elsewhere and is used as an ornamental tree in many places far beyond its native range. The wood has little commercial value, but is used for construction and is also valued for its use in the pulp industry to make paper. Strong, straight trunks and tiers of dense branches make these trees a beautiful addition. [6][7][11] It is also grown for the Christmas tree industry. [6], The blue spruce is attacked by two species of Adelges, an aphid-like insect that causes galls to form. [32][33][34], Blue spruce is considered as a pioneer tree species in moist soil in Utah.

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